Blood contains three basic types of cells: red blood cells,white blood cells, and platelets. White blood cells act as the defense of thebody against any microbial aggression that tries to break the defenses of thebody.
But for some reason, it is still not known, abnormal abnormal white blood cells that grow and multiply are produced to hinder the normal blood cells. Blood functions begin to deteriorate because there are not enough white, red blood cells and platelets to take the symptoms. The signs appear quickly if the cancer is of the acute type, whereas in the chronic type it develops gradually and slowly, and may not give any symptoms at first.
* Symptoms and signsshould not be neglected
But whatever the type of leukemia, there are some symptomsand signs that loom should be taken seriously and not ignored, and include:
1 – fever or chills
It is a very common symptom, but found in a quarter of casesof acute leukemia, but may not be seen in the chronic type, and the presence ofmild fever often indicates the presence of infection, and to a weak immunesystem may be related to leukemia.
2 – weakness andfatigue and fatigue
According to Dr. Mark Levis, director of the Johns Hopkinsdisease control program, these symptoms are caused by anemia. The disease ischaracterized by a worsening of the condition over time.
3 – bruising
The bruises occur suddenly and without any minor trauma, and are seen all over the body, but are more present in the limbs. Pamela Cirelli, director of the Department of Medical Oncology in the Eastern Province of America, says that bruises that are not caused by any trauma can Is a sign of leukemia. Dr. Levis explains: “The unusual appearance of bruising is due to a decrease in thrombocytopenia or disorders of the blood clotting process.”
4- Shortness ofbreath
The other may be a symptom of leukemia, and patients feel the more the disease progresses, and the more tired and tired, mainly due to anemia, or to the formation of cancerous secondary lung tissue.
5 – unusual bleeding
Bleeding can occur in any place, such as the gums, nose,lungs, digestive system, etc. The underlying cause is a deterioration in thenumber of platelets.
6 – the appearance ofred feathers under the skin
They are small red spots that appear under the skin and appear to have been painted by pencil. They are caused by bleeding from the capillaries under the skin. They are painless and often unnoticeable due to their small size and position at the bottom of the legs, indicating a small number of thrombocytopenia.
7 – swelling of thegums
This swelling is a major symptom of leukemia, and itspresence in conjunction with other symptoms should prompt the patient toconsult the doctor for the necessary tests. The patient may not feel pain fromthe swelling, but he feels discomfort and discomfort due to swelling of thegums.
It appears on the skin of the patient in different andvaried forms not accompanied by any itching, and spread rash around the body,and each day the patient sees forms of rash different from those seen from theprevious day, and the more the development of the rash appeared more and spreadto larger areas before.
9 – Pain in the upperpart of the abdomen
Inflammation of the spleen can sometimes cause pain in the upper left corner of the abdomen where the spleen is.
10. Sense of earlyfullness
Inflammation of the spleen is one of the signs of chronicleukemia, sometimes acute leukemia, and the enlarged spleen can strain thestomach, making the patient feel full of the early swallowing of a few meals.
Some people may suffer from severe bouts of headaches causedby anemia or intracranial hemorrhage due to leukemia.
12 – severe drought
It indicates the presence of anemia, or that the disease has reached an advanced stage to the point that the patient complains of excessive fatigue so that he gets infected without exerting any effort.
13 – night sweats
It is usually caused by the infection that is linked toleukemia, so everyone who sweats and wet the covers of his bed should inquireabout the cause.
14. Bone pain
It can be in the spine, ribs or joints, which is fairlyrare, but it is possible in both types of acute and chronic leukemia, adisturbing symptom, so it is important to talk to your doctor no matter howsevere the pain.
15. Inflammation ofthe lymph nodes
Painless swelling in the glands does not decrease in size,in areas such as the neck, under the armpits, and calls for medicalconsultation without delay.
Blood cancer causes a decrease in the number of white blood cells. The patient suffers from recurrent infections in certain areas of the body such as the ear, throat, skin, and lung. This indicates that the immune system is not functioning efficiently.
Weight loss without obvious justification can be a sign ofleukemia. Every person who is constantly losing weight, without any change inhis or her dietary and physical habits, should take the doctor’s opinionwithout hesitation.
These are briefly the symptoms and warning signs of leukemia, which infiltrates the body without much fuss, hence the importance of awareness of these symptoms and signs, and visit the doctor immediately if concern about any one, especially when there are risk factors such as exposure to chemicals, and the existence of family history, White skin, aging, and smoking. Early diagnosis of the disease is the main building block in treatment and recovery.